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Corruption perceptions Index (ICP)

27.01.2021.

Since 1995 Transparency International has been publishing the Corruption Perception Index (ICP), which ranks countries annually according to their perceived level of corruption in the public sector, in line with expert assessments and public opinion surveys. The index ranks 180 countries on a scale ranging from 100 (no corruption) to 0 (high corruption).

The Corruption Perception Index is based on the usual definition of corruption as “abuse of public authority for personal gain”, limiting the investigated corruption to the public and state sectors. The index consists of two sets of data: the survey of businessmen's attitudes and the assessment and perception of country-specific experts.

In 2012, Croatia ranked 62nd in the corruption perceptions Index (ICP), with a score of 46, still below the transient score of 50 as well as below the EU average of 63.6. In 2013 Croatia ranked 57th with 48 points, which puts the country by 5 places better than in 2012. In 2014, with the same score of 48, Croatia ranked 61st, which is 4 places worse than last year. The 2015 index places Croatia at 50th place (51 points) in the group of non-corrupt countries. In 2016, Croatia ranks 55th with 49 points, and this drop in points climbs 5 places. In 2017, Croatia retains the same number of points, 49, ranking 57th. The next one, in 2018, scores 48 points and places Croatia 60th on the list. In 2019, Croatia had 47 points and was ranked 63rd.

Measuring corruption with a perception index over a longer period has nonetheless greatly contributed to recognizing corruption as an important social problem, and has focused the attention of international institutions and domestic actors, particularly mass media and NGO organizations on it. The index seeks to document the state of corruption in the public sector, increases public awareness of the problem, and points to the need to draft and implement anti-corruption measures. When knowledge of corruption is widened in the community, questions are publicly raised about its costs and consequences.  Direct costs are related to bribery, robbery, embezzlement and fraudulent cost increases in the public procurement process. One should not forget the indirect costs that can be seen in discouraging private investment, reducing the quality of public services, losing confidence in the democratic decision-making process and weakening social trust.

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