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What is USKOK?

26.03.2021.

USKOK is an abbreviated name for the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime. The Office is a special state attorney's office, specialized in the prosecution of corruption and organized crime, based in Zagreb, and is responsible for the entire territory of the Republic of Croatia.

 

Since when has USKOK existed?

USKOK was established in 2001 by the Law on the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime. The mentioned Act entered into force on 19 October 2001, and the Office entered into force on 3 December 2001.

 

Why was USKOK founded?

The Government of the Republic of Croatia, by proposing the Law on the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime, wanted to make a radical cut in the corruption by establishing a specialized body. At the same time, the idea was to create a body for fighting organized crime consistently and throughout the whole territory, monitoring the occurrence of organized crime and, in cooperation with similar bodies from other countries and EU member states, for cooperation in combating transnational organized crime.

USKOK was established because the existing network of state attorney's offices and their competence to deal with cases of corrupt criminal offenses and criminal offenses in the field of organized crime was not appropriate nor nearly sufficient. The great danger and extremely harmful effects of such forms of crime for society as a whole required a more effective solution in the form of the establishment of a specialized body that would, in addition to its repressive function, also ensure preventive action.

With the establishment of USKOK, Croatia has also fulfilled the obligations assumed by the ratification of the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (OG 11/00) and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (OG-MU 14/02 publication 13/03), which, in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic Croatia, became part of the internal Croatian legal order.

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