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What are counties, cities and municipalities?

30.03.2021.

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, municipalities and cities are units of local self-government.

The territory of the Republic of Croatia is administratively divided into 128 cities and 428 municipalities. Municipalities and cities in Croatia make up the lowest level of self-government (these are the basic organizational units).

Counties are higher units of local self-government (the term local has a broader meaning here; in the sense of the Croatian Constitution, counties are units of regional self-government) that are organized from municipalities and cities.

Local self-government units perform activities within the local scope that directly meet the needs of citizens, and especially activities related to the arrangement of settlements and housing, spatial and urban planning, utilities, child care, social welfare, primary health care, education and primary education, culture, physical culture and sports, consumer protection, protection and improvement of the natural environment, fire and civil protection.

Areas of municipalities or cities, their name, seat of their bodies, the establishment of new and abolition or merging of existing municipalities or cities, separation of individual settlements from one municipality or city and inclusion of these settlements in another municipality or city, border changes and other issues of importance for territorial changes of local self-government units in the Republic of Croatia are regulated by the Law on the Territories of Counties, Cities and Municipalities in the Republic of Croatia.

The municipality and the city are legal entities. They have their own statute issued by their representative body (municipal council in the municipality, or city council in the city). The Statute regulates in detail their self-governing scope, its characteristics, public recognitions, organization, powers, and manner of work of the body, manner of performing tasks, forms of consulting citizens, conducting referendums on issues within their scope, local self-government, and other issues of importance for the exercise of rights and obligations.

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